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Moral Rights

It can be said that copyright works are in essence the expression of the author's personality as a whole, and that how a copyright work is used is a matter not just of economics, but also of the author's morality.  Therefore, the Copyright Law stipulates three rights in the category of moral rights of the author.  

Right of making the work public
The right to determine whether a copyright work is made pubic or not, and if it is to be made public, the manner in which it is made public.  
Right of determining the indication of the author's name
The right to determine whether the name of the author is indicated with the copyright work or not, and if it is to be indicated, whether it is the author's true name or a pseudonym.  
Right of preserving the integrity
The right to disallow the modification, distortion or mutilation of the author's copyright work.  

In the realm of music, a common example of where the author's "moral rights" come into play is in "parody songs," because changing the lyrics to a song without permission from the author is in violation of the "right of preserving the integrity" explained above.  "Moral rights" are rights that only the author is granted (they are personal in nature), and therefore JASRAC cannot intervene on matters of moral rights.  

Aside from the "right of making the work public," the "right of determining the indication of the author's name," and the "right of preserving the integrity," which are the three rights stipulated as moral rights, the Copyright Law also considers the use of copyright works in a way that damages the author's honor or popularity as an act of infringement of the author's moral rights.